Last edited by Brajora
Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Conversion of Cellulosic Wastes to Liquid Fuels found in the catalog.

Conversion of Cellulosic Wastes to Liquid Fuels

James L. Kuester

Conversion of Cellulosic Wastes to Liquid Fuels

by James L. Kuester

  • 264 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Energy .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Biomass energy.,
  • Liquid fuels.,
  • Feedstock.,
  • Biomass conversion.,
  • Wood waste as fuel.,
  • Fuel.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementKuester, James L.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination$0.00 C.1.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17585800M

    Conversion of cellulosic wastes to oil. Washington] U.S. Bureau of Mines [] (OCoLC) Online version: Appell, Herbert Rudolph, Conversion of cellulosic wastes to oil. Washington] U.S. Bureau of Mines [] (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors. A biorefinery employs a complex and diverse set of process techniques to convert lignocellulosic biomass materials into valuable chemicals such as liquid fuels, materials and biochemicals.

    strain on conventional sources for liquid fuels, the unconventional sources and new technologies to create liquid fuels are becoming more attractive as alternative options. One such conversion technology uses municipal solid waste (MSW) as the feedstock, offering the additional benefit of relief on another constrained resource: Size: 1MB. @article{osti_, title = {Ethanol and methanol from cellulosic biomass}, author = {Wyman, C E and Bain, R L and Hinman, N D and Stevens, D J}, abstractNote = {Cellulosic biomass includes agricultural and forestry wastes, municipal solid waste, and energy crops. Enough ethanol or methanol could be made from cellulosic biomass in countries such as the United States to replace all gasoline.

    Blazso M. Feedstock recycling and pyrolysis of waste plastics: Converting waste plastics into diesel and other fuels ed J. Scheirs and W. Kaminsky (Hungary: John Wiley & Sons) Composition of liquid fuels derived from the pyrolysis of plastics Crossref Google ScholarCited by: Conversion of cellulosic wastes into liquid oils is being practiced on a pilot plant scale at Albany, OR, but the fundamental chemistry of the process is poorly understood. We report our findings on the aqueous alkaline digestion of pure cellulose, on a laboratory scale, in a closely related system.


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Conversion of Cellulosic Wastes to Liquid Fuels by James L. Kuester Download PDF EPUB FB2

@article{osti_, title = {Conversion of cellulosic wastes to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Progress report, January-February }, author = {Kuester, J L}, abstractNote = {The following materials were processed thru gasification: sugarcane bagasse, smooth sumac, coralberry, wild bergamot, pokeweed, cornstarch, Portugese oak cork and hog fuel.

The present status and future plans for a project to convert cellulosic (biomass) and waste synthetic polymer materials to quality liquid fuels is presented. A thermal gasification approach is utilized followed by catalytic liquid fuels synthesis steps.

Potential products include a medium quality Author: J.L. Kuester. Mechanism of conversion of cellulosic wastes to liquid fuels in alkaline solution., Energy from Biomass and Wastes Symposium Papers., Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, Google Scholar Cited by: 2.

@article{osti_, title = {Conversion of cellulosic waste to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Technical progress report, February}, author = {Kuester, J L}, abstractNote = {A steam reforming system (nickel oxide catalyst, fixed bed) was installed in the gasification overhead system for the purpose of converting methane to carbon monoxide and hydrogen and thus increasing the amount of.

Efficient methodologies for converting biomass solids to liquid fuels have the potential to reduce dependence on imported petroleum while easing the atmospheric carbon dioxide burden.

Here, we report quantitative catalytic conversions of wood and cellulosic solids to liquid and gaseous products in a single stage reactor operating at – °C and – by: In addition, pyrolysis could be employed to convert lignin and solid humins to bio-oils or to aromatic fuels.

Conclusions. Cellulose can be converted to liquid hydrocarbon fuels (with structure and molecular weight appropriate for gasoline and diesel applications) using a cascade approach that achieves progressive deoxygenation of the Cited by: Second generation biofuels convert cellulose to liquid fuel allowing the utilization of the entire plant that is made up dominantly by cellulose.

Despite its appeal, cellulosic biofuels are still in the experimental stage and commercially viable solutions that are ready for large scale adaptation are anticipated to require another decade of.

Biorefinery Processes fo r Biom ass Conversion to Liquid Fuel More recently, He et al. () used a nove l high-pressure homogeni zation (HPH) techniq ue. Production of liquid fuels by thermochemical conversion on a commercial scale depends on the availability of feedstock, a suitable catalysis system and catalytic reactors.

Thermochemical conversion of triglycerides has already moved on to large scale demonstration facilities, both in catalytic cracking and hydrogenation by:   The development of alternatives to fossil fuels as an energy source is an urgent global priority.

Cellulosic biomass has the potential to contribute to meeting the demand for liquid fuel Cited by: A project has been under development at Arizona State University (ASU) since with the goal of producing quality liquid hydrocarbon fuels from cellulosic and waste polymer materials.

An indirect liquefaction approach is used, i. gasification to synthesis Cited by: Levulinic acid has recently been identified as a potential platform chemical that can be produced from agricultural waste and can lead to specialty chemicals, fuel additives and liquid fuels.

Based on this versatile molecule, we have developed a catalytic cascade approach to convert solid cellulose into liquid hydrocarbon fuels for use in the Cited by: 3. aVailaBilitY oF cellulosic resiDues anD Wastes in the eu estimate should be understood as the upper bound on the available sustainable energy resource for transport fuels.

in addition, there are many industrial challenges in achieving such a major new deployment of sustainable low carbon fuels. among. In this context, this book provides an up-to-date overview of the thermochemical methods available for biomass conversion to liquid fuels and chemicals. In addition to traditional conversion technologies such as fast pyrolysis, new developments are considered, including catalytic routes for the production of liquid fuels from carbohydrates and.

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Liquid Biofuels explores the existing technologies and most recent developments for the production of second generation liquid biofuels, providing an introduction to lignocellulosic biomass and the processes for its conversion into biofuels.

The book demonstrates biorefinery concepts compared with petro refinery, as. The conversions of CH 4 and CO 2 were 99% and 60%, respectively. The H 2 /CO molar ratio was In the FTS section, a Co/SiO 2 eggshell catalyst was used to synthesize liquid hydrocarbon with high selectivity for middle distillate cuts.

The CO conversion in FTS was 71% and the liquid hydrocarbon product was similar to that of low sulfur by: 1. Over 86 wt.% conversion of liquid fuel, containing hydrocarbons from C-5 to C, was reached from both HDPE and PP under °C with a residue yield level of less than 8 wt.%.

convert water and biomass, respec-tively, into gases, as well as cellulosic ethanol conversion. In some cases, such as in the production of cellulosic ethanol, the finished product from the pathways addressed in this paper can be used directly as transporta-tion fuel.

In most cases, however, the liquid or gas carrier that is produced. At this optimum time the conversion into liquid was %, which was the maximum conversion Time optimization for catalytic pyrolysis of waste LDPE Reference: Catalytic conversion of waste low density polyethylene into fuel oil Fazal Mabood *,a, M Rasul Jan b, Jasmin Shah c, Farah Jabeen d, Zahid Hussain e a Department of Chemistry.

Currently, there are no low-cost technologies to convert the large fraction of energy in biomass into liquid fuels efficiently and in a cost effective manner.

Production costs must be reduced greatly, and the volume of cellulosic ethanol necessary for widespread use still needs to be developed. Biomass wastes can also yield liquid fuels, such as cellulosic ethanol, which can be used to replace petroleum-based fuels.

Anaerobic Digestion Anaerobic digestion is the natural biological process which stabilizes organic waste in the absence of. Biofuels from Waste Posted on Octo Decem by Salman Zafar A variety of fuels can be produced from waste resources including liquid fuels, such as ethanol, methanol, biodiesel, Fischer-Tropsch diesel, and gaseous fuels, such as hydrogen and methane.Moreover, for the cracking of LDPE, HDPE, and PP, the selectivities toward hydrocarbons in the range of gasolines and middle distillates obtained over MCM are clearly higher than those of ZSM Therefore, MCM is a catalyst potentially interesting for the conversion of polyolefinic plastic wastes into liquid by: